Friedrich Lachmayer is Professor of law at the University of Innsbruck, Austria (presently retired). He was born in Vienna in 1943. In 1966 he obtained a Doctor iuris from the University of Vienna. In 1967–70 he works at the Austrian Federal Law Office (Finanzprokuratur). In 1970–2003 he works at the Austrian Federal Chancellery, Constitution Service. In 1988 he habilitated at the University of Innsbruck (Legal Theory and Theory of Legislation). In 1989–2003 he heads the Austrian Legal Information System (www.ris.bka.gv.at). His research interests include legal theory, legislation, legal informatics, and legal semiotics.